• By Hoor Babar
  • Institute of Management Sciences (IMS), Peshawar

In Pakistan, climate change is causing big problems. The country’s location and its reliance on farming make it especially vulnerable. Floods, droughts, and other extreme weather events are hitting hard and affecting people’s lives and jobs. One big issue is water shortage.

Pakistan’s water supply is getting low because of things like more people in cities, inefficient farming, and melting glaciers. Experts say if we don’t act fast, we could run out of water by 2025. This shortage isn’t just bad for farming, which is a big part of our economy and how many people make a living, but it also hurts businesses and how much money the country makes.

Farming, which is super important for Pakistan’s economy, is getting hit by climate change, too. Weird weather, like not enough rain or too much heat, messes up when crops grow and how much food we can make. Experts say that by 2040, we might produce a lot less wheat and rice, which could make it hard for us to feed everyone. To tackle these problems, Pakistan needs to do a few things. First, we need to manage our water better. Building better dams and canals and using smarter ways to water crops can help us save water and grow more food. We also need to change the types of crops we grow and how we grow them to cope better with the changing weather.

Besides farming, we also need to change how we get energy. Using more clean energy sources like solar and wind power can help us cut down on pollution and make sure we have enough energy. We also need to plan our cities and buildings better to avoid disasters like floods and landslides. It’s not just Pakistan’s problem; we need help from other countries, too. They can give us money, technology, and know-how to deal with climate change. Working together, we can find solutions to these challenges and make sure Pakistan’s economy stays strong even in the face of a changing climate.

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