The deliberate effort and decision-making process surrounding the number and spacing of children in a family is referred to as family planning.
It includes a range of approaches and tactics to manage fertility, including education, counseling, reproductive health services, and contraception.
Family planning enables individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and determine the spacing and timing of their births.
Family planning techniques come in a variety of forms, such as hormonal (like birth control pills), barriers, intrauterine device (IUD) methods, fertility awareness approaches, surgical (like tubal ligation or vasectomy), and more.
The technique of selection is frequently determined by personal preferences, health factors, and cultural or religious convictions. Individuals and couples must have access to education, healthcare, and a range of family planning options to make well-informed decisions on their reproductive health.